IGNOR: Image-guided Neural Object Rendering
    1Technical University of Munich     2Stanford University     3Max Planck Institute for Informatics     4University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
arXiv 2018
Abstract

We propose a new learning-based novel view synthesis approach for scanned objects that is trained based on a set of multi-view images. Instead of using texture mapping or hand-designed image-based rendering, we directly train a deep neural network to synthesize a view-dependent image of an object. First, we employ a coverage-based nearest neighbour look-up to retrieve a set of reference frames that are explicitly warped to a given target view using cross-projection. Our network then learns to best composite the warped images. This enables us to generate photo-realistic results, while not having to allocate capacity on ``remembering'' object appearance. Instead, the multi-view images can be reused. While this works well for diffuse objects, cross-projection does not generalize to view-dependent effects. Therefore, we propose a decomposition network that extracts view-dependent effects and that is trained in a self-supervised manner. After decomposition, the diffuse shading is cross-projected, while the view-dependent layer of the target view is regressed. We show the effectiveness of our approach both qualitatively and quantitatively on real as well as synthetic data.